Title
Pharmacometrics of pterostilbene: Preclinical pharmacokinetics and metabolism, anticancer, antiinflammatory, antioxidant and analgesic activity
Date Issued
01 January 2008
Access level
metadata only access
Resource Type
journal article
Author(s)
Remsberg C.M.
Ohgami Y.
Vega-Villa K.R.
Rimando A.M.
Davies N.M.
Publisher(s)
John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Abstract
The present study evaluated the preclinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of trans-pterostilbene, a constituent of some plants. Right jugular vein cannulated male Sprague-Dawley rats were dosed i.v. with 20 mg/kg of pterostilbene and samples were analysed by the reverse phase HPLC method. Serum AUC, serum t1/2, urine t1/2, Cltotal and Vdβ were 17.5 ± 6.6 μg/h/mL, 1.73 ± 0.78 h, 17.3 ± 5.6 h, 0.960 ± 0.025 L/h/kg and 2.41 ± 1.13 L/kg (mean ± SEM), respectively. A pterostilbene glucuronidated metabolite was detected in both serum and urine. The in vitro metabolism in rat liver microsomes furthermore suggests phase II metabolism of pterostilbene. Pterostilbene demonstrated concentration-dependent anticancer activity in five cancer cell lines (1-100 μg/mL). An in vitro colitis model showed concentration-dependent suppression of PGE2 production in the media of HT-29 cells. Antiinflammatory activity was examined by inducing inflammation in canine chondrocytes followed by treatment with pterostilbene (1-100 μg/mL). The results showed decreased levels of MMP-3, sGAG and TNF-α compared with control levels. Pterostilbene exhibited concentration-dependent antioxidant capacity measured by the ABTS method. Pterostilbene increased the latency period to response in both tail-flick and hot-plate analgesic tests. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Start page
169
End page
179
Volume
22
Issue
2
Language
English
OCDE Knowledge area
Gastroenterología, Hepatología Oncología Farmacología, Farmacia
Scopus EID
2-s2.0-40549119870
PubMed ID
Source
Phytotherapy Research
ISSN of the container
0951418X
Sources of information: Directorio de Producción Científica Scopus